Explore the map below

Click on POIs in the map or browse the POI list for details and discussion threads!

Notes about cylindrical maps and perijove passes

We create cylindrical maps from the telescopic images supplied by our amateur astronomers, and we update them every 2 weeks. Jupiter has a dynamic atmosphere where winds in the belts (brown) and zones (white) go in opposite directions. Storms develop and evolve, and other atmospheric features come and go. With each new map, we move all of the POI markers — sometimes POIs disappear, sometimes they get torn apart.

In its 53 day orbit, Juno spends most of the time distant from Jupiter. The spacecraft swoops from the north to the south pole in just 2 hours, which we call a "perijove pass". That means that the images JunoCam can take are restricted to a swath of longitude – we will not be able to select from all the points of interest every orbit. On the Voting page we will say which POI's are likely to be within our field of view on a given perijove pass and you will participate in the selection of which POI's to image.

We will have a conversation on every perijove pass about which POIs to image, and the debate will be based on the threads of discussion associated with those POIs. 

General Comments

If you'd like to share commentary on Jupiter's atmosphere that is not related to a specific Point of Interest, please contribute below.

248 Comments

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  1. comment by Turnbull-90 on 2017-11-09 16:25 UT

    Can we download the highest resolution images NASA has?

    • comment by Candy on 2017-11-10 02:26 UT
      JUNO SPECIALIST

      Yes, just go to the image processing section of our website.

  2. comment by Tournefort-29 on 2017-10-24 14:59 UT

    Dear NASA; Juno Mission;

    excuse me for the not so correct English, but I also have a speech defects in my own native language, for some reason. I would like to ask is it good idea when we have a long-term extraterrestrial scientific space mission to a cosmic body, different than the Earth, for example like space missions to Moon; Mars; Jupiter; Saturn; asteroids and comets; and beyond, we should have installed on the board of the Space Craft a routine necessary Scientific Tools like:

    1. An Inner Camera view from the interior of the space craft. I think it would be very interesting to have an inner observation. Will there be a space crystallization; space patina;

    space oxidation; space micro-particles; space dust inside the spaceship when the mission is lasting for 5-10-30 and more years.

    2. An Inner Camera Micro Observation Window and a Calibration Target Tool next to it when the mission is lasting for 5-10-30 and more years. The tool could be similar to the MSL MAHLI, JUNO Mission LEGO Minifigures experiments; or the ISS HDD Viewing experiment. In this way it will be cool; realistic and really interesting to share; watch and participate in those future epic space journeys.

    • comment by Candy on 2017-11-10 02:27 UT
      JUNO SPECIALIST

      This is an interesting idea!

  3. comment by Iapetus on 2017-10-06 07:27 UT

    Could anyone attach these images together? The only ones stitched that I’ve seen have been enhanced images but there aren’t any true colour ones.

    https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam/processing?id=2976

    https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam/processing?id=2977

    https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam/processing?id=2978

    Thanks

  4. comment by ANS-72 on 2017-09-21 06:05 UT

    Very good.

    • comment by Caleyo-11 on 2017-11-13 13:16 UT

      The new face on Juno... Juno watching u too :)

  5. comment by Xavi on 2017-08-21 05:36 UT
    comment removed.
  6. comment by KevinOnJupiter on 2017-08-06 14:20 UT

    Low pressure spirals inward.

    High pressure fans out.

    This feature looks to me like it is spinning clockwise and spiraling inward therefore i believe it is a low pressure and not a high pressure system

    I have seen other white ovals that also spiral inward as well.

    I believe we need to rethink high pressure systems

    as being the dominant storm type on Jupiter.

  7. comment by BrianSwift on 2017-07-14 23:47 UT

    Question for the pipeline team - why is the south pole methane image JNCE_2017192_07M00065_V01-mapprojected.png rotated about 13 degrees relative to the companion RGB image JNCE_2017192_07C00064_V01-mapprojected.png.

  8. comment by Val_Thomas_Abapo on 2017-07-14 01:54 UT

    If stitched raw images from junocam would be shared - It would be great! Good day everyone!

    • comment by Eudora-93 on 2017-07-14 01:26 UT

      Sorry but I am find it difficult to locate unprocessed images, I've looked all around, up and down pages. Looking for a url to point me toward Fit or Tiff files

    • comment by Denali-42 on 2017-07-13 02:08 UT

      I'm not a scientist, just a regular person. But I would like to know in (non-science) why is that spot red? is there a volcano causing the red stain or some other event? Thank you.

      • comment by HOUSTON_J921 on 2017-07-12 21:01 UT

        Is there a website where those interested can get the raw FITS files of Juno data? I'm assuming that the data coming from the spacecraft is in FITS format and not PNG.

      • comment by Petrginz-75 on 2017-07-02 05:33 UT
        comment removed.
      • comment by rodv92 on 2017-05-31 21:08 UT

        A 3D model of the jovian atmosphere (cloudscape ?)

        Hi. I wonder if it is possible (more "when" than "if") to give an approximate 3D reconstruction of the jovian atmosphere using JIRAM,UWS and MWR.

        Basically combining colorimetric/imaging data and radio data to give an approximate density map of the turbidity,color of the clouds and atmospheric haze. stereoscopy with all instruments cloud also aid in the differenciation of overlapping layers.

        While i am no expert, a good POC for the process could be done using the media (for cloud scattering) feature of POV-ray software and density files.

        The render times would be absurdly long however on a privately owned computer....

        A fast render using JNCE_2017033_04C00107_V01-mapprojected.png as basis for a cloud map can give a fast idea

      • comment by EricDahlstrom on 2017-05-29 22:49 UT

        What is the scale??

        I was just looking for basic info to make some estimates of the physical size of some of the features in the images, and I am not finding anything to help with this question. In the metadata I see the distance from Jupiter is recorded, but what is the width of the camera field of view? I will keep digging.

        The *size* of Jupiter is its most astounding feature. Why are you not communicating the scale of the features in these images? (Reminds me of.. 'Look at my photo of the Grand Canyon.. the depth is estimated to be greater than 10 feet') :-)

      • comment by mirk on 2017-05-24 16:21 UT

        Judging by what I've read in a few articles online, there's no way that the average member of the public is going to be able to produce decent-looking pictures from the Junocam images. The images that the NASA/JPL folks keep on proudly displaying in the community-contributed section just aren't possible without access to really high-end processing software.

        Just for the sake of it, I looked at the software package that a contributor had mentioned in their online article about a popular image. Unless you can afford a software package that retails for a little over US$7000, then you're just not going to be able to produce a decent quality image.

        • comment by Valsecchi-94 on 2017-05-05 13:47 UT

          Because of the magnetosphere around jupiter wouldn't there be a radiatonal belt around jupiter just like our van allen belt? And if there is wouldnt it be alot stronger radiation there than in our belt?

          • comment by Harborseal on 2017-05-05 03:22 UT

            Any chance we could see a photo of Jupiter's rings?

          • comment by Pavlov-65 on 2017-05-04 20:01 UT

            JUPITER TALKING. Right side a big ear expressing "LISTEN" left a white hand thumb on a button, middle a sparkler on ring finger "OR DESTROY"

          • comment by Andrew-Klekociuk on 2017-04-21 10:40 UT

            Definitely interested in the northern foot of the Io flux tube.

          • comment by Alicemonet-89 on 2017-04-01 11:48 UT

            When I download pictures, they are png format. How I can download pictures, that those are raw format and I could modify them with D x O Optics. I suppouse there is very easy solution, but I just can't find it.

          • comment by Manek-08 on 2017-03-31 03:51 UT

            Dose anyone knows what are those spikes around the horizon on the picture The Six Sister Credit: Gervasio Robert 2017-03-27 20:19 UT? out side the edge of the picture.

          • comment by Kenkellermann-27 on 2017-03-25 16:50 UT

            In conjunction with Juno's perijoves, HST has been taking observations of the aurorae. I compiled some of these into animated GIFs. Thought you folks might be interested.

          • comment by Kenkellermann-27 on 2017-03-25 16:39 UT
            comment removed.
          • comment by Saramanshad-42 on 2017-03-22 18:17 UT

            Hello, please tell me what moons of Jupiter Juno will fly at the time of nearest perijove

          • comment by Candy on 2017-03-16 05:11 UT
            JUNO SPECIALIST

            We will try to observe the moons but Juno's elliptical polar orbit does not bring the spacecraft very close to them.

          • comment by Munsterman-02 on 2017-03-14 20:04 UT

            Hi everybody! Just asking, during its orbits around jupiter, does Juno could take pictures of the moons? And why not try to look at Europa's plumes?

            • comment by AKHIL-ISRO'CSA'NASA-309UWX on 2017-03-04 03:14 UT

              How will Juno stand up to Jupiter's powerful magnetosphere?

            • comment by Gary-85 on 2017-02-25 00:01 UT

              Hi, I can't seem to download images. I just get a blank file every time. It has been the same for months. Any ideas?

            • comment by Inti-17 on 2017-02-22 16:17 UT

              When the Juno mission launched, i was absolutely ecstatic at the idea of what the mission may reveal. Ever since i was little I fantasized about space and creation. I always thought of the cosmos as part of my spiritualism. Now that pictures are coming back my mind is blown. I love that nasa is allowing the public to vote for picture location.

            • comment by Danae-67 on 2017-02-09 18:25 UT

              Amazing complexity and sharp differentiation of cloud colours/materials at this resolution.

              Would have been interesting to have Juno watch the progression of the NEB disappearance in 2010.

              Any clues as to why NEB was submerged but SEB remained?

            • comment by Asada-94 on 2017-02-09 11:15 UT

              Breathtaking image processing by Petersmith-84:

              https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam/processing?id=711

              Keep the good work lads!

              Thank you so much!

            • comment by rodv92 on 2017-02-08 11:57 UT

              ~0° deg Inclination pictures ?

              Is it projected to have pictures taken at ~0° deg inclination during closest perijove ? it seems that most of what i see in junocam raw, are images taken normal to the orbit. It would be nice to see the cloud/atmosphere interface in a next shot. By the way if such images exist, i did not find them....

            • comment by Parkinson-65 on 2017-02-07 03:18 UT

              I've downloaded some imagesets to my Windows 10 machine but am not able to unzip them. Any ideas??

              • comment by Masumi-18 on 2017-01-31 22:16 UT

                Too bad that Juno doesn't have a spectrometer. It would have been interesting to collect spectra from lightening at different levels of the atmosphere.

              • comment by Triconia-45 on 2017-01-24 04:25 UT

                Its sad to see all these photos of Jupiter and its atmosphere are computer generated images. I was expecting the real deal, what's going on here Nasa?

                • comment by Berryman-92 on 2017-01-23 13:00 UT

                  There are enormous storms without lightening.

                • comment by Brungardt-55 on 2017-01-23 12:46 UT

                  like to look at a surface over which material movement can possibly happen.

                • comment by Giovarduino-47 on 2017-01-21 21:27 UT

                  I would like to see a deep closeup of any of the least turbulent spots throughout the planet, perhaps these are the thinnest and would allow us to see below. On the same subject, is there any understanding of the layering? i.e. highest/lowest points on the cloud cover.

                • comment by Everett-11 on 2017-01-21 07:28 UT

                  I HAVE VOTED OVALBA BECAUSE NASA SAYS THAT A MYSTERY OF THERE QUESTION OF HIGHER WIND SPEED FROM THE DEEP BRINGING SOME MATERIAL FROM DOWN THERE?

                • comment by TACTICAL8AC0N on 2017-01-20 22:26 UT

                  i have a suggestion adrastea will there be a mission to photograph the small moon in the jovian rings?

                  • comment by Haltia-92 on 2017-01-20 16:46 UT

                    I think strongly intersting to take picture exately centered on the North or South poles of Jupiter to check for the presence of some stable CICLONIC STRUCTURE similar to those discovered on the Saturn poles

                  • comment by Glenn on 2017-01-19 01:48 UT
                    JUNO SPECIALIST

                    On PJ4, I'm hoping we get votes for what appears to be shaping up as a blue-gray region that usually corresponds to a region that's very bright at 5 microns, a so-called 5-micron hot spot, as well as the outbreak structure associated with the North Equatorial Belt (NEB) turbulence following the October outbreak and the more recent South Equatorial Belt (SEB) outbreak. In addition to comments I've made regarding two of these features, I'm wondering whether we might even get a better sense of the absolute altitude differences betweenone cloud layer over another (e.g. the altitude of the upwelling material or the separation between Jupiter's deep clouds), because these features are close enough to the terminator (the separation between daytime and nighttime) that we might observe and analyze shadows of high-altitude cloud layers on lower layers. That would be another first for Juno!! But it all depends on your vote. - Glenn Orton, JPL (Juno coordinator of the Earth-based supporting campaign)

                    • comment by Philosophia-47 on 2017-01-19 01:13 UT

                      Now that POIs are available for voting for Perijove-4, I'd like to offer the following list of suggestions, in order of priority. Details are on our BAA Jupiter Section web site at: https://www.britastro.org/node/8908

                      1) The NTB(S) – the new orange belt. [POI: ‘The Big Red Stripe v2’: latitude +22.7 centric.] A unique opportunity.

                      2) The disrupted NEB north edge. [POI: ‘White Spot Z’ (lat. +14.3)] These latitudes are currently very disrupted from both the NTBs upheaval and NEB outbreaks.

                      3) The new mid-SEB outbreak. [POI: ‘Structure01’ (lat. -13.75)] Another unique opportunity to catch an exciting phenomenon!

                      4) Oval BA and currents east of it. [POI: ‘Oval BA’ (lat. -32.7)] Oval BA may be too far from Juno’s track, but Juno will get a good view of the region east of it which has tended to produce new circulations in recent years.

                      5) SS-AWOs [3 POIs: ‘String of pearls’]. The anticyclonic white ovals of the S.S. Temperate domain.

                      6) NN-LRS-6 [POI: ‘Small white storm’(lat. +36.25 c)]. A beautiful oval, but very like NN-LRS-1 which was imaged at PJ-3.

                      Looking forward to seeing the results! --John Rogers.

                    • comment by Philosophia-47 on 2017-01-18 13:20 UT

                      Attached is a predictive map, showing how I expect the planet to look at perijove-4, and what will be visible to JunoCam. By good fortune, Jupiter is providing a wealth of worthwhile targets to choose from at this flyby! I have posted a list of suggestions on the BAA Jupiter Section web site at: https://www.britastro.org/node/8908

                      --and will post a summary here when voting starts tomorrow. --John Rogers.

                    • comment by Degraaff-69 on 2017-01-09 16:34 UT

                      Why haven't we seen data with the resolution of the New Horizons mission? Is it still coming or is the current resolution the best we will get? I'm commenting on the visible spectum only.

                      • comment by Kenmitchell-61 on 2017-01-05 01:12 UT

                        Hello, right from the start, I thought that one of the most interesting features of Juno mission is a Polar orbit around a celestial object. Would Nasa adopt the same in future missions? That's a very intuitive question on my mind without ever forgetting that this idea borned out of necessity in Juno's case yet such novelties can truly change the way we perceive, observe or record for the simple reason that we're human!

                        Have a nice day ☺

                        Ercan

                        • comment by Petekirkland-66 on 2016-12-18 15:01 UT

                          Can we learn anything new about Europa with Juno's instruments???

                        • comment by adzaz on 2016-12-15 01:01 UT

                          zazer

                        • comment by adzaz on 2016-12-15 01:01 UT

                          great

                        • comment by Shul'zhenko-81 on 2016-12-11 00:12 UT

                          it seems to me that any view of the area(s) affected by shoemaker-levy impacts might be of interest as it is the only evidence we have of external disturbance(s). granted that the turbulence and depth of the gaseous atmosphere, he speed of rotation and strength of gravity may have pre eminent impact on any atmospheric disturbance, a known starting point has some merit. are the string ofpearls related to S-L impacts? and can the historic images of the impacts be progressed, given the knowns that we have, to arrive at likely areas where vestigial effects could be related?

                          • comment by Wintje on 2016-11-26 03:53 UT

                            I would like to share the notion that I find jupiter's atmosphere very atmospheric. Indeed.

                          • comment by Jimihendrix-78 on 2016-11-13 11:33 UT

                            In the image of Jupiter's south pole (13:56 UT), there are a few dark patches that appear at regular intervals. As they appear on each strip (what I think are the strips), my guess is that these are artifacts on the image sensor and should be removed when processing? I think that I can see some of them appear on the 11:57 UT too.

                            • comment by Dolby-26 on 2016-11-04 17:41 UT

                              Visit http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/galileo/ for HD images of Jupiter and the moons.

                              If you are here looking for pictures and not the science, you will be very disappointed.

                              • comment by Candy on 2016-11-03 23:46 UT
                                JUNO SPECIALIST

                                You may have noticed that our map is a bit stale. We will have a new one soon as our amateur astronomers start to get good images again.

                              • comment by Berwald-67 on 2016-10-31 18:35 UT

                                Would it be possible to image regions of Jupiter under the influence of a shadow transit (solar eclipse by one of four Gallilean moons)? The idea would be to use the shadow as a "spotlight" to provide contrast and depth perception and perform 3-D reconstruction of atmospheric features. The remote sensing community might know how to obtain and model the data from such an endeavor.

                                • comment by Johnsophie-57 on 2016-10-26 15:50 UT

                                  Nice work John Rogers, can we get a d-scale [miles] up on it [https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam/processing?id=160]

                                  The first 2 arrows from the right pointing at N2 band tubule looks prominent! Is Aug 27, 2106 the date when the image was taken by JunoCam?

                                  • comment by Johnsophie-57 on 2016-10-21 18:06 UT

                                    JunoCam have an Amalthea filter button? Any POI @ Ama.?

                                  • comment by Dohmoto-36 on 2016-10-14 21:22 UT
                                    comment removed.
                                    • comment by Sheba-94 on 2016-10-09 23:08 UT

                                      Hello. Just wanted to mention that you should and I hope that a "huge amount of pictures" are taken of Jupiter. Almost all of them are going to be interesting and worthwhile. Just hope that a lot of work occurs in getting them and processing them!

                                    • comment by Mobberley-45 on 2016-10-03 18:19 UT

                                      20.00 N, 78.00 E

                                    • comment by Dahlstrom-19 on 2016-08-27 14:48 UT

                                      Juno Mission - Fantastic work! Congratulations to everyone involved. I followed the real-time simulation via the Nasa's Eyes Visualization Software and it was absolutely mind boggling when the craft came in to approx 2,500 miles orbit. Truly awe inspiring. Cannot wait for the pictures and science data.

                                    • comment by Jeon-10 on 2016-08-27 02:27 UT

                                      NASA.Some great achievements you've done I am really excited about Juno!!

                                    • comment by Bach-22 on 2016-08-25 06:16 UT

                                      The Juno mission, how exciting - what amazing achievements so far! Unfortunately your NASA website design and global news covering this historical event is infantile to say the least. Why???

                                      • comment by Ikemura-52 on 2016-08-24 17:44 UT

                                        I do not know much about it , but in my opinion Juno should stay in a safe place where he can observe without being damaged .

                                      • comment by Ikemura-52 on 2016-08-24 17:42 UT

                                        I would like to know more about the storms.

                                        The storms are always in the same places ?

                                      • comment by Kubota-47 on 2016-08-09 16:17 UT
                                        comment removed.
                                      • comment by Kubota-47 on 2016-08-09 16:06 UT

                                        what wave length does juno use to send data back to earth?

                                      • comment by Kubota-47 on 2016-08-08 17:07 UT

                                        how big is the great red spot?????

                                      • comment by Candy on 2016-07-27 04:22 UT
                                        JUNO SPECIALIST

                                        Right now the spacecraft is in a 53.5 day orbit. On August 27 the spacecraft will make another close pass of Jupiter, like Jupiter Orbit Insertion, except this time we will have all the instruments powered on. We will be taking a series of "test" images with JunoCam as we try out different combinations of exposures and lighting geometries to see what will work best. We will see if we are able to detect the aurora.

                                        We refer to the spacecraft close passes as "PeriJove (PJ) Passes". Jupiter Orbit Insertion was PJ0 and the pass on August 27 is PJ1. The spacecraft will head out on another 53.5 day orbit and then on PJ2 the spacecraft will perform another maneuver that will put Juno into a 14 day orbit. On PJ3 we will do some more tests, then beginning with PJ4 we will ask you, our virtual imaging team, to participate in the decision-making process of deciding where to take images. The "Voting" webpage will be open November 4 to select our images to be taken November 16. The bulk of our images will be taken within an hour of closest approach. One hour before closest approach the spacecraft will be over the north pole. Just 2 hours later the spacecraft will have passed the equator and we'll be looking at the south pole. Then the spacecraft will be outbound and Jupiter will be quickly shrinking in our field of view.

                                        • comment by Candy on 2016-07-27 03:57 UT
                                          JUNO SPECIALIST

                                          Hi, Welcome to the JunoCam virtual imaging team! This will be our location for discussing what we see going on in Jupiter's atmosphere. Once we are in the 14-day orbits in November we will use this part of the website to have a conversation about what we want to learn with our images. On the voting page we will discuss what to do on a particular pass. We will talk about the science opportunities and the technical constraints in the same way an imaging team would around a conference table. We will make the decisions about how to use our resources together.

                                        • comment by Antwerpia-14 on 2016-07-25 00:25 UT

                                          Will the results of the magnetometer sensors and other sensors be available to the public for review?

                                        • comment by Fruits-10 on 2016-07-22 11:44 UT

                                          There's a dark spot on Jupiters( -1.37° latitude and 19.483° longitude),what can it be?

                                          • comment by Kirkland-73 on 2016-07-18 19:45 UT

                                            This is all so fascinating. Its a privilege to be here as the adventure unfolds. I wonder what Galileo would say.

                                            • comment by Shoyo-21 on 2016-07-13 09:17 UT

                                              I really would like to observe some of the Aurora activity

                                            • comment by Hobart-91 on 2016-07-13 03:33 UT

                                              I'd like to suggest that Juno study the dark side of Jupiter. Have any probes studied that side of Jupiter which is not lit by the sun? I know I have seen lightning photos of the dark side of Jupiter, but has anything deeper been done? When photographing the bright side of any object, it washes out any detail on the darker parts of the image. Couldn't Juno photograph ONLY the dark side or sections of the dark side so that inner detail in the atmosphere be seen? Who knows what we could discover about the lower atmospheric layers. Do they glow? This could be like the Hubble concentrating on a completely dark spot on the sky and discovering thousands of far away galaxies. Who knows what we could "see" inside Jupiter's dark side atmosphere?

                                              • comment by Hobart-91 on 2016-07-18 01:34 UT

                                                You said, "I don't know what the scientific merit of studying the night side of Jupiter would be (if anyone has an answer or more information on that, I'd love to know!) ". That is exactly the reaction given to the people who proposed aiming Hubble at a completely dark patch of the sky and they "discovered" thousands of distant galaxies. It is precisely because we do not know what we would see that is the reason for looking at the night side.

                                              • comment by Ots-78 on 2016-07-18 17:24 UT

                                                @Moa-90 wrote:

                                                > Now, I don't know what the scientific merit of studying the night side of Jupiter

                                                > would be (if anyone has an answer or more information on that, I'd love to know!)

                                                - How about studying mid-latitude auroras? Airglow? Sprites?

                                                - Lightning -- Is there lightning? If so, how is it distributed?

                                                - Do storm cells affect auroras, airglow, or lightning concentrations?

                                                - Can micro-meteors be detected from the re-entry flash? If meteors can be seen, what is their rate? How does this affect the accumulation of solid matter at the planet's core?

                                                - Can we view the sun through the limb of the atmosphere? This may give us a better feel for the density and opacity of the atmosphere and its layers.

                                                - Depending on the capabilities of the camera, atmospheric limb viewing may also reveal atmospheric constituents based on the absorption/transmission of sunlight through the atmospheric limb.

                                                The list goes on and on! The only limit is your imagination.

                                              • comment by Moa-90 on 2016-07-26 23:19 UT

                                                It seems I worded my last sentence somewhat poorly, my apologies! I wasn't trying to dismiss the possibility of finding something (or many things!) of scientific interest in studying the night side of Jupiter. As Hobart said in his reply, "That is exactly the reaction given to the people who proposed aiming Hubble at a completely dark patch of the sky..." I was trying to convey that I didn't know what we would be looking for, and I was hoping that someone like yourself would add in such information. My main point was that it would likely be more difficult to study it with the Juno spacecraft. But, like I said, I could be wrong! Thanks for your comments.

                                                ~StellarRemnants

                                              • comment by Kubota-47 on 2016-08-08 16:53 UT

                                                a lot of people think the same thing, but juno must have its solar panels face the sun:(

                                            • comment by Lanusei-23 on 2016-07-12 06:54 UT

                                              Question 1) Given that "Jupiter has a dynamic atmosphere"... how come, that the picture of Jupiter from the NASA article "Jupiter's Great Red Spot is Shrinking" from May 2014 looks exactely the same as "Hubble Captures Vivid Auroras in Jupiter’s Atmosphere" in June 2016 8except fot the lightblue aurora at the pole)? Question 2) How come that the footage of JUNO's fly by of earth and moon in 2013 shows no stars at all in the black sky?

                                              • comment by Lanusei-23 on 2016-07-12 13:41 UT

                                                "All planetary images have black background." Huh? So, how come that Hubble deliveres such beautiful space-pictures? And the aurora must have been photo shopped by NASA employees, because it is published on NASA's official website... Such tricks do not instill trust :-(

                                              • comment by Tell-45 on 2016-07-13 01:41 UT

                                                The aurora was obviously put onto a Jupiter image (by some public outreach guy I suppose) in order to show how large it is and where it is on the planet! The aurora image itself is pretty abstract. They were not trying to keep any aliens secret. "Canada was pink on the map in my school book, but I've been to Canada and the ground isn't pink there!" Don't pretend to be so stupid, Lanusel-23! I don't know anything about cameras, but if there's a big fat bright planet in the image, then tiny faint stars cannot be imaged next to it. Put a sand grain next to a spot light and image it with your smart phone and you will discover this.

                                              • comment by Tom on 2016-07-21 22:15 UT
                                                JUNO SPECIALIST

                                                Actually, Jupiter's aurora are visible in other wavelengths or "colors" of light not sensed by the human eye, such as 3.3 microns, which is sensitive to H3+ emission. So by taking an image of Jupiter in that wavelength and overlaying it on a visible image of Jupiter, we can show the aurora and the visible planet at the same time. It is not a trick, the data is real...it's just overlaying snapshots taken in different wavelengths of light.

                                              • comment by Kubota-47 on 2016-08-08 16:48 UT

                                                makes sences

                                            • comment by Pal'chikov-74 on 2016-07-11 23:11 UT

                                              The Planetary Society just released a blog post on the meteorology of Jupiter. It explains a lot about the cloud features of Jupiter and about what we could learn from JunoCam.

                                              http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/2016/0708-jupiters-clouds-a-primer.html

                                              • comment by Hitchens-95 on 2016-07-11 17:55 UT

                                                I would like to see images related to the antipode of the giant red spot. It would be interesting to see if there are any signs congruent on the opposite side of the planet.

                                              • comment by Pal'chikov-74 on 2016-07-10 23:23 UT

                                                Congratulations to the Juno team on a historic accomplishment! I am excited to see what light the spacecraft can shed on our origins!

                                              • comment by Tell-45 on 2016-07-10 20:07 UT

                                                Maybe Juno could get closer to Io, above its pole, as Juno approaches or departs from Jupiter than during perijove? Maybe remaining fuel could allow getting even closer in the end. But Io is very impopular, I've never heard of any interest of examining it. And NASA is extremely afraid of the aliens everyone KNOWS live inside Europa, so I'm sorry. And Juno is not well equipped to study it anyway.

                                                • comment by Pratchett-34 on 2016-07-10 21:57 UT

                                                  When the spacecraft dives into Jupiter the sheer heat and pressure as it descends will rip any biological organism to atoms. It will be sterilized so that there is no chance of contamination of Europa.

                                                • comment by Pratchett-34 on 2016-07-11 04:57 UT

                                                  If we get confirmation that they even exist? I guess so. There might be nothing there and simply the building blocks of organic life. I mean, it was sheer astronomical coincidence that Earth could even sustain life due to being in the Goldilocks Zone for liquid water and other factors. Then, it was possibly another unlikely event that caused those organic particles to even form into the basis of life. If we find life it'd be amazing, but it's still a big if.

                                                • comment by Miyamoto-47 on 2016-07-12 05:12 UT

                                                  Yes. That would very exciting to find even the most basic forms of life. What amazing times we live in.

                                                • comment by Kubota-47 on 2016-08-08 17:26 UT
                                                  comment removed.
                                              • comment by Pratchett-34 on 2016-07-09 17:36 UT

                                                Could we get an example sample of the data that Juno would send back? Perhaps the programmers here could write tools to process it and upload it here.

                                              • comment by Tell-45 on 2016-07-09 09:45 UT

                                                @Californa-53, Io happens to be of the same size and is at a similar distance from Jupiter as Earth's moon is. Juno will pass about 300,000 km from Io when they happen to be on the same side of the planet. So I think it would be possible. Like imaging a volcanic eruption on our Moon. Io deserves its own missions, it would be spectacular.

                                              • comment by California-53 on 2016-07-09 01:12 UT

                                                Hey everyone, would it be a good idea to point Junocam to Io? Last time we visited in 2007 we found a new volcano, I want to see how that new volcano has changed.

                                              • comment by Mitidika-00 on 2016-07-09 00:35 UT
                                                comment removed.
                                              • comment by Mitidika-00 on 2016-07-09 00:35 UT

                                                1. I apologize in advance if I sound rude, but when are we gonna start seeing photos from Juno? I know scientific studies won't be known until September, but at least Juno can take pictures, right?

                                                2. Why didn't they send a flying drone-like probe into Jupiter's atmosphere?

                                                3. When will a probe be sent to Europa?

                                              • comment by Pratchett-34 on 2016-07-07 08:12 UT

                                                With the raw images will we get sensor readouts, spectrographs, etc. as well. Possibly in a ZIP or for more compression and to be able to programmatically stream and extract contents on the fly a tar.gz archive

                                              • comment by Pratchett-34 on 2016-07-07 07:48 UT

                                                Will the spacecraft send back pictures as it burns up in Jupiter's atmosphere at the end of the mission? It's be cool to see what is underneath the surface.

                                                • comment by Raahe-22 on 2016-07-07 04:40 UT

                                                  I would like to look at raw images. I love browsing Cassini raw images of Saturn. Where can I see raw images from Juno?

                                                  • comment by Bickerton-16 on 2016-07-07 02:14 UT

                                                    Does anyone know if/where I can obtain Juno's orbital elements? It doesn't matter how sketchy they are, I know they'll improve over time. I'd like to plug them into one of the sky-visualization applications to be able to show the kids (lesson plan when school starts again) "If you were riding on Juno right now here's what you'd see" looking toward Jupiter and back toward Sol. Thanks!

                                                    • comment by Bickerton-16 on 2016-07-07 13:38 UT

                                                      Thanks for the tip; I know I could do it that way. But there's a method to my madness in wanting to do it 'offline', as such, and some of the hardware I want to show it on (planetarium projector) isn't internetted. Also i'd have the ability to project the orbit forward/backward and back-calculate an approach to make it look good.

                                                    • comment by MatusMotlo on 2016-07-08 08:12 UT

                                                      I didn't find any parameters of orbits. Maybe a little dip inside internet will show them.

                                                  • comment by Romaplanetario-23 on 2016-07-06 21:49 UT

                                                    Can't wait! Nasa's images are always top notch. They certainly earn their tax dollars, that's for sure.

                                                  • comment by Savalle-08 on 2016-07-06 13:41 UT

                                                    Why do you only show cartoon animations? no real pictures. Another question, how is it possible for JUNO to survive the extreme radiation from Jupiter? And nothing happens to the spacecraft? Was it really so important to take LEGO!! with you? When are we going to see a real picture or video footage of the whole earth spinning in space?? If JUNO's camera is simelar to a camera on your smartphone it should be able to do that?

                                                    • comment by Pare-86 on 2016-07-06 13:38 UT

                                                      I hope all goes well for Juno and congratulations to all the teams involved. Can we expect images of lightning storms? I would be interested to know whether Jovian lightning storms occur only in water/ice clouds or also in ammonia clouds as well.

                                                    • comment by Kenmitchell-61 on 2016-07-06 09:48 UT

                                                      Hello, we all know now that Juno mission's focusing exclusively on Jupiter and especially the poles yet, can-we still expect anything concerning the Moons and particularily Europa in coming months? Thanks

                                                    • comment by Botticelli-29 on 2016-07-06 05:21 UT

                                                      Exciting and can't wait to see all of its findings

                                                    • comment by Tsia-92 on 2016-07-06 05:19 UT

                                                      Such a cool idea to let the public have a say what pictures are taken. BRAVO! I posted I would like to see a shot across the South Pole back toward the Sun and hopefully some Aurora show up in the picture. Not sure how well the picture would come out with all that light, but maybe it will turn out great!!! Good luck everyone and Thanks NASA and all those behind this project!!! Tsia-92

                                                    • comment by Orestelesca-53 on 2016-07-06 05:04 UT

                                                      I'm so excited about being part of tihs historic mission. I can't wait to get back to school and share the findings with my Astronomy students!

                                                    • comment by Llull-22 on 2016-07-06 04:54 UT

                                                      Please photos of where Shoemaker comet impacted

                                                      • comment by Euphemia-39 on 2016-07-06 04:50 UT

                                                        This is interesting. Hope to see more of the gas giants.

                                                      • comment by Puertollano-76 on 2016-07-06 04:50 UT

                                                        Excited to be a part of history and discovery of our giant planet out in the cosmos :-) #WeAreAllStarstuff

                                                      • comment by Spicer-77 on 2016-07-06 04:46 UT

                                                        I am so incredibly excited about what we can find out about this beautiful, but terrifying planet in our celestial neighborhood

                                                      • comment by Andanike-93 on 2016-07-06 02:38 UT

                                                        So cosmically fabulous

                                                      • comment by Stargazer-32 on 2016-07-06 02:16 UT

                                                        Alright..Alright!!!

                                                      • comment by Pounds-30 on 2016-07-06 02:15 UT

                                                        Absolutely amazing to look at

                                                      • comment by Spencer-02 on 2016-07-06 02:07 UT
                                                        comment removed.
                                                      • comment by Gio-50 on 2016-07-06 02:05 UT

                                                        I have 3D vision capabilities without glasses. Is their a way you can provide me 2 stereo pics of jupiter to review my location interest for Juno to look at. The photos I suggested are not the red and blue pics. They are photos at different time pics but close together. This will unable me to view the depth of Jupiter clouds. Thank you.

                                                      • comment by Konstanz-45 on 2016-07-06 01:51 UT

                                                        Looking at the science channel now, I can't control my excitement.

                                                        • comment by Mizugaki-20 on 2016-07-06 01:46 UT

                                                          I look forward to all the information that will be uncovered in the months to come!

                                                        • comment by Pratchett-34 on 2016-07-06 01:42 UT

                                                          This has moderation, so 4Chan won't have a huge influence.

                                                        • comment by Hiroshikanai-96 on 2016-07-06 01:42 UT

                                                          I can't wait to see

                                                        • comment by Johnheise-43 on 2016-07-06 01:42 UT

                                                          Even if my spot isn't selected, I can't wait to see the images Juno sends back!

                                                        • comment by Chinmoy-75 on 2016-07-06 01:41 UT

                                                          We should really try to understand Jupiter, and how Jupiter protects us from asteriods

                                                        • comment by Pygargus-11 on 2016-07-06 01:39 UT

                                                          Sadly I think this may end up like the dub the dew contest and reach mecha kek

                                                        • comment by Apuleius-09 on 2016-07-06 00:40 UT

                                                          Yes we want to see!! So exciting!

                                                        • comment by Vargha-21 on 2016-07-06 00:27 UT

                                                          Ditto JPL…when are the first images expected, were there any taken during the POI?

                                                        • comment by Cortina-96 on 2016-07-06 00:13 UT

                                                          Ready for Juno to look through the veil

                                                        • comment by Deidre-97 on 2016-07-05 23:24 UT

                                                          THIS IS SO EXCITING

                                                        • comment by JPL-53 on 2016-07-05 23:17 UT

                                                          So when can we expect the first images?

                                                        • comment by Ocasio-Cortez-76 on 2016-07-05 23:00 UT

                                                          This level of interaction with the public is long over due! This will make these projects cool again when we do not have to wait years to enjoy the results. Kudos NASA you nailed this one spot one!!

                                                        • comment by Sor-63 on 2016-07-05 21:24 UT

                                                          Amazing ! Thanks for nasa this event wonderful

                                                        • comment by bzznzo on 2016-07-05 20:44 UT

                                                          this is very exciting!

                                                        • comment by Buddy-42 on 2016-07-04 19:27 UT

                                                          they said that not all JunoCam images would be released.. it depends on how "interesting" they are. Boooooo! JunoCam is supposed to be the people's camera. Release ALL images, no matter how boring you think them to be, like Cassini does. Who knows- we might find an extra moon from just a boring image of stars!

                                                        • comment by Lemeshev-51 on 2016-07-04 13:13 UT

                                                          Will there be live video feed from jpl?

                                                          • comment by Batllo-12 on 2016-07-04 11:12 UT

                                                            wow what a great thing for NASA to share with us all

                                                          • comment by Tros-29 on 2016-07-03 23:46 UT

                                                            I would like to see the icy surface details of Europa, and see what more in-depth spectroscopy we can get of the water layer beneath.

                                                          • comment by Penelope-43 on 2016-07-03 21:16 UT

                                                            Would love to see more detail of Jupiter's atmosphere being perturbed by a moon's gravity -- wonder if/how that plays into the swirling visible with even my 11" mirror

                                                            • comment by Pinatubo-67 on 2016-07-03 16:51 UT

                                                              Hi I am unable to view the submission guidelines pdf in the planning phase. I am astronomy enthusiast and I would love to use the Juno mission as an opportunity to learn more about astronomy. I would love to buy my first telescope and learn during the course of mission in the hope that one of my chosen points of interest would be selected by this forum.

                                                              Would request suggestions from this forum on which telescope(s) should i buy and any tutorials on how to operate one.

                                                              Cheers to human curiosity!

                                                              • comment by Mikkelkocha-26 on 2016-07-03 09:51 UT

                                                                Can we not just turn the camera to look at Europa for a bit, I reckon that would be a bit of a game changer!

                                                                • comment by Zuber-84 on 2016-07-03 09:43 UT

                                                                  Who's ready for Juno's arrival at Jupiter tomorrow?

                                                                  • comment by Grandprism-89 on 2016-07-03 02:38 UT

                                                                    I think we should shy away from well established features like the GRS, and instead focus on more temporary phenomenon. The GRS will likely be there indefinitely, better to study things that may be dynamic or uncommon.

                                                                    Just my two cents.

                                                                    • comment by Kakurinji-89 on 2016-07-03 02:30 UT

                                                                      HELLO! I'm here lol

                                                                    • comment by Sirrah-01 on 2016-07-03 01:25 UT

                                                                      No, Jupiter is not a failed star. This is because stars are formed directly from the collapse of dense clouds and interstellar dust, where Jupiter was formed from the matter that was leftover from the stars formation, just like earth.

                                                                    • comment by Inastronoviny-52 on 2016-07-02 12:46 UT

                                                                      Is jupiter a failed star??

                                                                      • comment by Matthewlam-56 on 2016-07-02 03:05 UT

                                                                        Just a question, but would it be possible to point this camera at Europa as well?

                                                                        • comment by Peacock-18 on 2016-07-01 18:58 UT

                                                                          Is NASA going to make a probe that will be able to with stand the atmospheric pressures to be able to take pictures, data, and samples in to Jupiter?

                                                                          • comment by Meglass-45 on 2016-07-01 16:02 UT

                                                                            Is Juno going to probe deep with radar? I would love to see a map of Jupiter's core. Somehow I do not think it is the perfect round ball we see in illustrations. It's prolly ugly and lumpy, and causes the big red spot with an odd protrusion.

                                                                            • comment by Galvarino-18 on 2016-06-29 04:09 UT

                                                                              Wouldn't the asteroid impacts suggest that the surface is solid?

                                                                              • comment by Hegel-08 on 2016-06-28 13:36 UT

                                                                                Excited for Juno's arrival to our giant Jupiter !!!!

                                                                              • comment by Tsukuyomi-51 on 2016-06-27 22:56 UT

                                                                                I think this is an amazing mission to Jupitor. Just the mileage alone is staggering. I feel very priveledged to be part of this mission.

                                                                              • comment by Kenmitchell-61 on 2016-06-27 19:54 UT

                                                                                Hello, where we can learn more about the technical specifications and maybe also some limitations of JunoCam with respect to working conditions around Jupiter? Thanks

                                                                              • comment by Alonso-58 on 2016-06-26 16:53 UT

                                                                                Am I going to be able to see something concerning to this mission with my Amateur telescope?

                                                                                SPECIFICATIONS

                                                                                Optical Design Newtonian Reflector

                                                                                Aperture (mm) 130 mm (5.12 in)

                                                                                Focal Length 650 mm (26 in)

                                                                                Focal Ratio 5

                                                                                Focal Length of Eyepiece 1 (mm) 25 mm (0.98 in)

                                                                                Magnification of Eyepiece 1 26 x

                                                                                Focal Length of Eyepiece 2 (mm) 9 mm (0.35 in)

                                                                                Magnification of Eyepiece 2 72 x

                                                                                Finderscope StarPointer

                                                                                Mount Type Motorized Altazimuth

                                                                                Accessory Tray No Tool, Quick release

                                                                                Tripod Steel

                                                                                Highest Useful Magnification 307 x

                                                                                Lowest Useful Magnification 19 x

                                                                                Limiting Stellar Magnitude 13.1

                                                                                Resolution (Rayleigh) 1.07 arc seconds

                                                                                Resolution (Dawes) 0.89 arc seconds

                                                                                Light Gathering Power (Compared to human eye) 345 x

                                                                                Apparent Field of View 1.7 °

                                                                                Linear Field of View (@1000 yds) 91 ft (28 m)

                                                                                Secondary Mirror Obstruction 1.7 in (43 mm)

                                                                                Secondary Mirror Obstruction by Diameter 33%

                                                                                Secondary Mirror Obstruction by Area 11%

                                                                                • comment by Philosophia-47 on 2016-06-22 22:04 UT

                                                                                  A report on Jupiter’s atmospheric features in June, 2016, has just been posted by the BAA Jupiter Section. It gives more general background than usual, for the benefit of readers who are not familiar with the planet’s curiosities. We hope the maps and images therein will help anyone who wants to understand what is going on on the planet. It also gives useful links for further information. The report is on the Jupiter Section web page at:

                                                                                  https://www.britastro.org/node/7741

                                                                                  For regular aficionados, the new items in this report are:

                                                                                  >>The NEB expansion has regressed, but the methane-dark wave pattern is maintained;

                                                                                  >>The SEB following the GRS has become quiescent, with no new plumes for several weeks;

                                                                                  >>Oval BA has been getting redder throughout the apparition.

                                                                                  --John Rogers.

                                                                                • comment by Suchandler-96 on 2016-06-08 10:30 UT
                                                                                  comment removed.
                                                                                • comment by Cloud Gate-50 on 2016-05-19 19:06 UT

                                                                                  i also wounder if juno might be able to bring physical samples of the gases as it orbits the great planet

                                                                                • comment by Startek-62 on 2016-05-12 17:06 UT

                                                                                  esto va a ser genial muchachos júpiter mas cerca que nunca en nuestras vidas y gracias a la mano de juno, estaría buena la idea de extraer partículas de gas de júpiter y analizar pero lamentablemente los vientos y la atmósfera de jupiter son muy intensos, lo que estaría bueno hacer enviar nanobots mientras mas chico menos se va a perder.

                                                                                • comment by Siberia-16 on 2016-05-03 22:28 UT

                                                                                  The Cassini mission provided polar imagery of Jupiter.

                                                                                  • comment by Maxwell-18 on 2016-04-19 07:36 UT

                                                                                    which is datum point '0' coordinates for Latitude and Longitude ?

                                                                                  • comment by Maxwell-18 on 2016-04-19 07:34 UT

                                                                                    AS IT IS ON EARTH ATMOSPHERE....THERE COULD BE RARIFIED ATMOSPHERE AROUND JUPTERS TOP...OUR JUNO MIGHT COME ACROSS SOME GAS MOLECULES WHICH CAN BE COLLECTED AND ANALYSED?

                                                                                    READ MORE

                                                                                    CAN JUNE ACTUALLY PHYSICALLY SAMPLE THE GAS MOLECULES OF JUPITER AS IT TAKES CLOSEST (AND FASTEST) APPROACH AROUND IT DURING ORBITING?

                                                                                    • comment by bzznzo on 2016-04-14 21:24 UT

                                                                                      I can't wait to see the North and South poles up close!